- The invention of a new branch of math he called
*fluxions,*which is now called*calculus.*Newton and a German mathematician, Wilhelm Gottfriedvon Liebnitz, independently and virtually simultaneously created various aspects of the mathematical field now called calculus, and there was some controversy as to who was actually first. The notation used today more closely resembles Liebnitz' notation than Newton's. - The discovery and characterization of the optical spectrum--the fact that
white light is a mixture of colored light: red, orange, yellow, green,
blue, indigo, and violet. Published a book on the subject called
*Optiks*(1704). - The invention of the reflecting telescope, of which the 200-inch reflecting telescope at the Mount Palomar Observatory in California is a direct descendant.
- Described how gravity governs planetary motion and causes the oceans' tides.
- Defined his Three Laws of Motion:
- Objects continues in a state of uniform motion unless acted upon by an outside force.
- The change of motion on an objet is proportional to, and in the
direction of, the motive force acting upon that object (also expressed
as
*F=ma:*force equals mass times acceleration). - Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

- His seminal work,
*Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica*(often referred to as*The Principia*), was published in 1687 and contained descriptions of celestial mechanics. It changed science forever. - A deeply spiritual man, Newton was also an accomplished Bible scholar.
Some of his work in this include
*Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms*(1728),*Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John*(1733).

This poem was first published in the March/April 1998 issue of Quantum Magazine.

*(back to "Scientific
Poetry" Table of Contents)*

Copyright 1997 David Arns

Under a spreading apple tree, The village genius stands; His mind conceives of wondrous things, He writes them with his hands; His fame goes forth to all the world-- He's known in many lands.
A tiny babe on Christmas Day
And after chores, he built devices
His mother saw he was no farmer,
In one chapter in his story
He wondered if, by any chance,
He determined that the gravity
He discovered that the math you need
He talked of falling bodies
Yes, Newton's brilliant mind, it was |